So 20 modulo 5 is 0 because 20 divided by 5 is 4 with no remainder.
int a = 20 % 5 ;sets a to be zero.
Modulo has a variety of uses. If you want to know if a number is an even "hundred", like 300, 400, 500 or 256700, you can test for it like this:
if ( ( a % 100 ) == 0 ) { System.out.println( a + "exactly!"); }Another cool thing to do with modulo is when you are doing big processes, you can let the user know that your program isn't stuck:
TextFileIn f = new TextFileIn("bigfile.txt"); int numLines = 0 ; boolean done = false ; while( ! done ) { String s = f.readLine(); if ( s == null ) { done = true ; } else { // processing the big file goes here numLines++; if ( ( numLines % 1000 ) == 0 ) { System.out.print("."); } } }This program fragment will read in a file, process it, and write a dot to the screen for every 1000 lines processed.
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